Copyright Policy

The copyrights of all articles published in LC-JSTEM are retained by the respective authors as per the Creative Commons Attribution License. The author(s) should be the sole author(s) of the article and should have full authority in granting rights.

Authors retain the copyrights to their works. Articles are published under the CC BY 4.0 license, which means that anyone is free to download, distribute, adapt, and build upon these works, even commercially, as long as they credit the original creation. Articles are published and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0  International License (CC BY 4.0).

You are free to:

Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.