LC International Journal of STEM (ISSN: 2708-7123) http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem <p><strong>Journal Name:</strong> LC International Journal of STEM<br /><strong>ISSN Number:</strong> 2708-7123<br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> Quarterly<br /><strong>Published by:</strong> <a href="http://www.lceri.net" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Logical Creations Education and Research Institute (LC-ERI)</a>.</p> <p><img src="https://lcjstem.com/public/site/images/zaffarshah/lcjstem-logo50.jpg" alt="" width="115" height="146" /></p> <p><strong>LC International Journal of STEM (LC-JSTEM)</strong>, ISSN Number: 2708-7123, is an open access journal and publish articles from all areas of science, technology, engineering, computational mathematics, technology management and education technology. The main focus of the journal is on practical research and outcomes.</p> <p>LC-JSTEM (ISSN: 2708-7123) was inaugurated on 1st January 2020. This journal is published online quarterly in the months of March, June, September and December by <a href="http://www.lceri.net" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Logical Creations Education and Research Institute (LC-ERI)</a>, Quetta-Pakistan.</p> <p>LC-JSTEM (ISSN: 2708-7123) is an open access, double blind peer-reviewed journal, free for readers and we provide a supportive and accessible services for our authors throughout the publishing process. LC-JSTEM recognizes the international influences on the science, technology and engineering platforms and its development.</p> <p>LC-JSTEM (ISSN: 2708-7123) provides an open access forum for scientists, scholars, researchers and engineers to exchange their research work, technical notes and surveying results among professionals through publications.</p> <p> </p> en-US <p><strong>You are free to:</strong></p> <p><strong>Share</strong> — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format<br /><strong>Adapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.</p> editor@lcjstem.com (Syed Zaffar Iqbal, Founder/Chief Editor) dp@lcjstem.com (Mubasher Ali, Director Publications. Logical Creations Education and Research Institute) Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Management Lessons from Ants: A Literature Review http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/107 <p>The basic purpose of this study is to highlight the management lessons from the Ants and incorporate our lives and organizations for a success. This is an explorative study inn which different research papers, articles from internet and books are reviewed. Ant is a small living thing but it is considered a very organized and social insect. From the review of different sources, it is concluded that teamwork, planning for future, specializations of employees, division of labor, good communication network, Swarm Intelligence, risk taking, Self-Motivated and Self-directed, work hard, utilize the time in more productive way, feel ownership to employees, and not make any factor as a hurdle for getting job done.</p> Dr. Lal Muhammad Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Lal Muhammad https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/107 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Traffic Participants Detection and Classification Using YOLO Neural Network http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/109 <p>One of the most important requirements for the next generation of traffic monitoring systems, autonomous driving technology, and Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS) is the detection and classification of traffic participants. Although in the areas of object detection and classification research, tremendous progress has been made, we focused on a specific task of detecting and classifying traffic participants from traffic scenarios. In our work, we have chosen a Deep Convolutional Neural Networks-based object detection algorithm – YOLOv4 (You Only Look Once Version 4) to detect and classify traffic participants accurately with fast speed. The main contribution of our work included: firstly, we built a custom image dataset of traffic participants (Car, Bus, Truck, Pedestrian, Traffic light, Traffic sign, Vehicle registration plate, Motorcycle, Ambulance, Bicycle wheel). After that, we run K-means clustering on the dataset to design anchor box, which is utilized to adapt to various small and medium scales. Finally, trained the network for the mentioned objects and tested our network in several driving conditions (daylight, low light, high traffic, foggy, rainy, etc.). We got the results reached a mean Average Precision (mAP) up to 65.95% and the speed was around 0.054 s.</p> Fahmida Sultana Mim, S. M. Naimur Rhaman Sayam, Md. Tanvir Amin Copyright (c) 2022 Fahmida Sultana Mim, Sayam, Tanvir https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/109 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Collaborative Monocular Visual SLAM for Multi-Robot http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/116 <p>Collaborative SLAM is an amazing extension of single robot locations where multiple robots with monocular cameras work together in a dynamic environment to build one global map. The global map is later used by the multiple moving robots to localize themselves on the map. The application of collaborative SLAM can be used in various fields that include collaborative military tasks, search and rescue, agricultural planting, multi-robots working together to improve efficiency, and many others.&nbsp;</p> <p>Generally, every existing collaborative SLAM method uses an offline technique to process the collected data in the indoor environment. The indoor environment has limited space and lacks GPS connectivity. In this paper, we aim to give a step toward the usage of two drones equipped with monocular cameras and a standard laptop as the server for monitoring indoor workplaces. We worked on Simultaneous localization and mapping standard architecture with building the centralized global SLAM by the micro aerial vehicles such as Tello in our case. We investigated the method and localization of the drone on the global map.</p> Khandana Ali Khan, Shafaque Saira Malik Copyright (c) 2022 Khandana Ali Khan, Shafaque Saira Malik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/116 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Ticks in Cattle: Their Importance and Chemical and Treatment Control http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/112 <p>Ticks transfer diseases to animals and humans. Ticks create major financial losses to livestock and have a variation of adverse special effects on cattle hosts. Tick working as possible vectors for helminth parasites and haemoprotozoa cause blood loss directly. Large numbers of tick’s drinking red blood induce anaemia and decreased living weight in cattle animals, even though their bites can damage the skins. Ticks, are answerable for important financial losses due to their potential to transmit rickettsial, viral infections and protozoan to cattles. Here are a variety of ticks-control tactics available, but then again each has its own set of problems. The importance of ticks and their control are the topic of this review. Ticks have controlled by the help of vaccine and spray or chemicals compounds etc.</p> Waqar Ahmed Khan, Dr. Shahid Ali Shah Copyright (c) 2022 Waqar Ahmed Khan, Dr. Shahid Ali Shah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/112 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Project Management Issues for The Improvement of Medical Industry of Bangladesh by Industry 4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/113 <p>In this article, project management in Industry 4.0 is analyzed from the perspective of improving the health sector of Bangladesh. There is a potential scope of Industry 4.0 in the growth of the healthcare industry, which we have identified using Project Management 4.0 in this article. This proposal is defined as Improving Bangladesh`s health sector through Industry 4.0. We analyzed the necessary qualities of a project manager to tailor it. The features of Project Management 4.0 revealed in improving the health system are closely connected with the key components of project management: time management, cost management, quality management, project team management, communication management, project risk management, procurement, and resource management. Industry 4.0 is a necessary strategy to deliver new and evolving technologies in the medical field through a combination of technology, sensitive machines, and software. With the help of industrial revolution 4.0, it is creating a new virtual healthcare world.</p> Md. Tanvir Amin Copyright (c) 2022 Md. Tanvir Amin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/113 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Gender Sensitivity among the Faculty and Employees of ASIST http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/117 <p>The main objective of this research is to advocate gender awareness and sensitivity in the school.&nbsp; Specifically, it sought to measure the level of gender sensitivity among the employees of the Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology.&nbsp; The descriptive method of investigation was used to describe the teachers’ and non-teaching personnel’s level of gender sensitivity.&nbsp; The researchers sought permission from the head of the institution to conduct the proposed study, meet the respondents and distribute the checklist and questionnaires to them. Responses were retrieved, tallied, analyzed, and interpreted.&nbsp; In conclusion, the level of gender sensitivity of the employees of ASIST is high. Among the three roles, community managing role was rated the highest followed by reproductive and productive roles.&nbsp; There is a significant difference between the gender sensitivity level of ASIST Bangued faculty and non-teaching personnel in terms of productive role.&nbsp; The non-teaching personnel have higher level of perception on gender sensitivity along productive role than the faculty members.&nbsp; However, there is no significant difference between the gender sensitivity level of the faculty and non-teaching personnel in terms of reproductive and community managing roles.&nbsp; It is then recommended that there should be more orientations, seminars and trainings to be attended by the ASIST employees to further strengthen their gender sensitivity levels. The Gender and Development Unit must come up with more GAD programs and projects that will encourage participation among the employees. A parallel study should be conducted by considering other variables or respondents not included in this study.</p> Dr. Alexis A. Enriquez, Marian Loren B. Valera Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Alexis A. Enriquez, Marian Loren B. Valera https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/117 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 An Interface of Classroom Examination Practices and the Success for Licensure Examination for Teachers http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/119 <p>To be of significance to nation building, a prospective teacher needs to pass the licensure examination for teachers, as prescribed by law under the “Philippine Professionalization Act of 1994.” In line with this, the Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology is undertaking efforts in delivering quality education by requiring its faculty to comply with the highest standards of educational qualification as it recognizes the role of teachers in facilitating students’ learning.</p> <p>A self-constructed questionnaire was used to gather data consisting of open-ended question form enquiring how students prepare themselves for the examinations and the practices of the teachers before, during and after the examinations. To clarify answers not clearly stated, interviews were conducted. The 68 third year Bachelor of Secondary Education (BSEd) for the SY 2018-2019 were chosen as respondents. Data gathered were analysed using the thematic analysis approach.</p> <p>Findings show that the respondents prepare themselves spiritually, physically and mentally for the examinations. Teachers make necessary class preparations before the examinations except those who included items in the test not covered in class, which may affect students’ test attitudes ultimately result to unfavorable performance in the LET.</p> <p>It is recommended that teachers create test questions that follow the LET format so that students become familiar with the setup. This may also develop the students’ test-taking skills while studying to ensure better performance in the LET.</p> Dr. BALMACEDA Lemyrose Baptista Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. BALMACEDA Lemyrose Baptista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/119 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Stressors and Coping Mechanisms of the Children of Abra Bahay Pag-asa http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/122 <p>This study was designed to determine the profile, the stressors and coping mechanisms of the 18 children of Abra Bahay Pag-asa during this pandemic.&nbsp; The qualitative method of research was utilized.&nbsp; An interview schedule was used to elicit the needed data in this study. The interviews were done via the Zoom platform.&nbsp; The data gathered were presented and treated using thematic analysis through the generation of codes and themes for the final write-up.&nbsp; The study revealed that almost all the children are teenagers, most of them are enrolled in the Senior High School and College levels and most of their case category is rape. Moreover, the children experienced several stressors particularly about the status of their cases, the situation of their families back home, their modular learning, and their mutual relationships.&nbsp; Nevertheless, the children employed active and positive coping mechanisms to alleviate their worries.&nbsp; Specifically, these were performing productive tasks, engaging in recreational activities, seeking social support, and spiritual activities.&nbsp; As a recommendation, Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology through the College of Teacher Education may establish a linkage with the Provincial Government of Abra through and Extension Program on juvenile empowerment for the children of Abra Bahay Pag-asa to include literacy and numeracy; arts and music; life skills training; mental health and stress management.&nbsp; Additionally, other studies may be conducted again among the children to look into other aspects or factors on their personality development and rehabilitation process.</p> Dr. Marian Loren B. Valera Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Marian Loren B. Valera https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/122 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Off-campus Performance of Student Teachers http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/118 <p>The paper looked into off-campus student teaching of the BSEd and BEEd student teachers using the descriptive approach in research, it identified their performance along with the parts of the lesson plan, classroom management, and assessment. There were 120 cooperating teachers who served as respondents in this study. Results showed that along with displaying professionalism, BSEd student teachers performed "Very Satisfactory " while&nbsp; " Outstanding" for BEEd. The BEEd student teachers performed better in lesson planning and items on personality. The student teachers need to improve in certain areas on classroom management, their art of questioning, how they motivate the class, and assessment. It is then recommended to conduct lectures, symposia, and fora where the student teachers displayed the lowest. Continuous support of the CTE pre-service program and activities to produce globally competitive prospected teachers and an interface with other Institutions to determine good and healthy off-campus practices and experiences of student teachers are encouraged.</p> Dr. Alexis A. Enriquez Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Alexis A. Enriquez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/118 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Resilience and Peace-Adherence Among Tinguian Women of Today http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/121 <p>Peace and Resilience- two words that usually complement each other.&nbsp; In order for one to achieve peace, resilience is a basic component and vise-versa. For Tinguian women, resilience has been their second nature while simultaneously living the role as protectors and promoters of development and peace in their communities. This is reflected in their culture and way of life. The study used the descriptive-correlational design. The level of resilience of one hundred three (103) Tinguian women respondents was determined through a questionnaire-checklist on a four-point scale and the level of adherence to peace practices was determined using a questionnaire-checklist on a five-point scale.&nbsp; Statistical treatment using weighted mean was used to determine the levels of resilience and peace-adherence among the women in the study. Bivariate analysis was used to identify the significant relationship between the levels of resilience and adherence to peace-building practices among the informants. Data revealed generally <em>“Very High”</em> levels of resilience among the Tinguian women respondents.&nbsp; Level of adherence to peace practices was largely <em>“Frequently Adhered To.”</em>&nbsp; Taken as a whole, no significant correlation between the adherence to peace practices and the resilience of the women in the study was established. Taken singly, though, there exists significant relationships between resilience along “independence” and peace adherence in the “workplace” as well as a significant correlation between resilience along “social competence” and peace adherence in the “community.”&nbsp; Programs to enhance and strengthen the awareness of Tinguian women on their role as advocates and promoters of resilience and peace are recommended.</p> Dr. Michelle Melinda Ballo-Alzate Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Michelle Melinda Ballo-Alzate https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/121 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Enhancing the Teaching Style of Faculty and Learning Preferences of Teacher Education Students: The Way Forward http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/120 <p>This study aimed to determine the different teaching style of faculty and to determine the type of learners the College of Teacher Education students are according to their learning style preferences and strategies.</p> <p>This study used the descriptive-survey type of research. The teaching styles of faculty were determined utilizing the Teaching Style Inventory by Rita Dunn and Kenneth Dunn (1999) which consists of six categories namely: 1) instructional planning, 2) teaching methods, 3) teaching environment which includes student groupings and room design, 4) evaluation techniques, 5) teaching characteristics, and, 6) educational philosophy. The Learning Style and Strategies Inventory of Felder and Solomon (2003) was used.</p> <p>The faculty respondents were the 23 full time faculty of the college and a total enumeration of the 671 BEED and BSED students in all year levels. Results show that the faculty are transitional in all the six categories. Nobody is found traditional, but the group hasn’t reached the most ideal teaching style – the individualized. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The students are found moderate active learners but extremely sensing learners. They are well-balanced as visual/verbal learners and as sequential/global learners.</p> <p>The following are concluded: Faculty is not yet fully academically equipped with skills and competencies for an individualized teaching style. Students favor a learning environment provided with activities, visual aids, concrete examples, and a clear step by step explanation of lessons.</p> <p>It is recommended that the faculty should attend in-service trainings to enhance their capability in preparing syllabi that favor the learning preferences and strategies of students.</p> Dr. BALMACEDA Lemyrose Baptista Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. BALMACEDA Lemyrose Baptista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/120 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Computer Animation Learning Approach and its Effects on Retention and Interest of Pre-service Biology Teachers in Cell Division among Kwara State Colleges of Education, Nigeria http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/123 <p>This study investigated the Effects of Computer Animation Learning Approach (CALA) on Retention and Interest of pre-service Biology teachers in Cell Division among Kwara State Colleges of Education, Nigeria. Quasi-experimental design involving pretest, posttest experimental and control group design was adopted. A total of 368pre-service Biology teachers formed the population of this study. The sample of the study 120 pre-service Biology teachers selected from intact classes of two co-educational Colleges of Education using multi-stage sampling technique. <br>The experimental group of the study was selected purposively and this comprises 60 pre-service Biology teachers (32 male and 28 female) was taught through CALA while their counterparts in the control group which comprises 60 pre-service Biology teachers (29 male and 31 female) was taught using conventional lecture method. <br>The study answered two research questions and tested two null hypotheses. The instruments Cell Division Retention Test (CDRT) and Cell Division Interest Inventory Scale used were developed, validated and administered to the students, the reliability coefficients of CDRT and CDIIS were established at respectively. Research questions were analyzed descriptively using means and standard deviations. Null hypotheses were verified at P 0.05 levels using t-test. Results revealed significant differences in the retention of pre-service Biology teachers exposed to CALA and those taught using CLM. <br>The result also revealed no significant difference in the retention of males and females pre-service Biology teachers exposed to CALA. Pre-service Biology teachers in the experimental group developed high positive interest in the instructional package. From the findings of the study, it was concluded that using computer animation in cell division concepts has the potentials of enhancing pre-service Biology teachers’ retention and arousing their interest.</p> <p>It was recommended, that the Federal and State Ministries for Tertiary Education to provide computers and projectors for teachers to facilitate teaching with animations. The training and re-training of teachers in ICT were also recommended.</p> ABDULRAHMAN Abdulgafar Opeyemi, YUSUF Nusirat Bolanle, ARINDE Odunayo Omowumi, MUHAMMAD-THANI Sefinat Copyright (c) 2022 ABDULRAHMAN Abdulgafar Opeyemi, YUSUF Nusirat Bolanle, ARINDE Odunayo Omowumi, MUHAMMAD-THANI Sefinat https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/123 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ICT: An Innovative Move to Promote Gender Equality and Sustainable Future for Women in India http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/124 <p>Indian civilisation is male-dominated, and women's efforts were disregarded. ICT has brought a glimpse of hope and a wealth of viable answers to this imbalance, which is why women's empowerment has been prioritised. ICT can boost gender equality. Digital technology can help eliminate gender gaps by boosting access to welfare, ID, financial services, and information. Technology can remove many of the obstacles women encounter, opening up new economic options and allowing them to join the workforce, improving their future. Digital technology has impacted how we organize, the strategies we use, breaking down boundaries, eroding state power, producing information, and developing unfathomable solidarity networks. Digital revolution changes how people live, work, and interact. Globally, gender equality is important. ICTs have added additional dimensions. ICTs improve service delivery, government, and poor populations' opportunities. Gender-neutral ICT policy can boost women's employment. SDG 5 aspires to increase the use of ICTs to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. ICTs are continuing to change the way we live and work. For women, girls, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, using technology to advance gender equality and women's empowerment is critical. This article examines ICT-enabled networking for gender equality. It also discusses policy framework for gender equality through ICT and goes on to suggest ways to improve the conditions leading to Gender equality.</p> Showkat Ahmad Dar, Aadil Ahmad Shairgojri Copyright (c) 2022 Showkat Ahmad Dar, Aadil Ahmad Shairgojri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/124 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Workplace Bullying and Harassment on Performance of Academic Staff in Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/125 <p>This study examined the effect of workplace bullying and harassment on performance of academic staff in Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU) with the objective of examining the effect of workplace environment on performance of Academic Staff in OOU; examining the effect of leadership style on workplace bullying and harassment of Academic Staff in OOU; exploring the effect of job design on workplace bullying and harassment on performance of Academic Staff&nbsp; in OOU; and investigating the effect of supervisor support on workplace bullying and harassment on performance of Academic Staff in OOU. Theory of Work Adjustment and Two-Factor Theory underpinned the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design and a population of six hundred and twenty eight (628) academic staff of OOU, Ogun State where 150 respondents were used as sample size; data were obtained through primary data and analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and the data were presented with the frequency distribution table. Findings from the study revealed that all components tested such as workplace environment (0.847 &gt; 0.5), leadership style (0. 967 &gt; 0.5), job design (0.943 &gt; 0.5) and supervisor support (0.844 &gt; 0.5) all affect and have positive significant relationship with workplace bullying and harassment on performance of Academic Staff in OOU but at varying degrees. The study concluded that workplace bullying is a harmful problem leading high level of turnover and huge decline in performance rate; thus, creating shortage of man power in the Nigerian educational sector in Nigeria. Therefore, reviewing the Human Resources structure, checkmating leadership, workplace environment, job design and supervisor’s support and conducting regular training, workshops and seminars to train academic staff in OOU on the effect of workplace bullying to the development of Institution swill go a long way in ameliorating this menace.</p> OLANIPEKUN Lateef Okikiola, IKECHUKWU Ngozi Ruth Copyright (c) 2022 OLANIPEKUN Lateef Okikiola, IKECHUKWU Ngozi Ruth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://lcjstem.com/index.php/jstem/article/view/125 Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000